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The recently released ‘State of Working India 2023’ by Azim Premji University’s Center for Sustainable Employment is revelatory. Per the report, 42.3 percent of graduate youths under 25 years old are unemployed. The statistics for the same age group with higher secondary qualifications are significantly better at 21.4 percent. The graph shows a trend toward a lower unemployment rate with lower qualifications. The unemployment rate, though lower post covid, is still a major concern, with 15% of graduates across all age groups remaining unemployed.

— Azim Premji University (@azimpremjiuniv) September 20, 2023

The report shows that as a husband’s income grows, the woman is less likely to work. The report shows a huge intergenerational effect on gender norms. If the mother-in-law is employed, then 70% of women will opt for work in urban areas. The stats for the same criteria in rural areas is 50%. However, in families where the mother-in-law is not employed, 30% of women are likely to get employed in urban areas as opposed to 20% in rural areas.

Not all is grim and gloomy in the report. It shows that the disparity in gender based earnings is now reducing. Salaried women in 2004 earned 70% of their male counterparts. By 2017, this had increased to 76%, and the gap had remained constant until 2022.

You can download the full report from the Azim Premji University portal. Access the executive summary of the report here, along with the graphs here.

See Also: “Hindu Muslim Se Fursat Nahi!” The Internet Jibes As India’s Unemployment Rate Surges 16 Month High At 8.3%

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